FAQ: Which Of The Following Are Results From Twin And Adoption Personality Studies?

Which of the following are results from twin and adoption personality studies quizlet?

Which of the following are results from twin and adoption personality studies? Identical twins raised apart have similar personality traits. There appears to be little parental influence on adopted children’s personalities.

Which of the following are some challenges with cross cultural personality studies that rely on self reports?

Which of the following are some challenges with cross-cultural personality studies that rely on self-reports? Western cultures might answer about themselves. People rate themselves in comparison with others of their culture, which can make it difficult to discern patterns relating to the whole group.

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What major conclusion about personality traits emerged from the twin studies?

Degree of emotional instability or stability. What major conclusion about personality traits emerged from the Minnesota twin study? The studies of genetics and personality seem to indicate that variations in personality traits are about 25-50 percent inherited.

What are the basic personality styles that are influenced by genes as identified by Buss and Plomin?

Taking these criteria and considerations into account, as well as the data from many studies, Buss and Plomin (1984, 1986; Buss, 1991) distinguished three basic temperaments: emotionality, activity, and sociability —EAS, an acronym by which their temperament theory has often been labeled.

Which personality has the highest correlation within identical twins?

The strongest correlation was found for neuroticism, yet with substantial associations also for extraversion and conscientiousness. In the multiple regression analysis including these three factors, only neuroticism and extraversion showed significant unique contributions.

How does self esteem relate to life outcomes quizlet?

How does self-esteem relate to life outcomes? People with higher self-esteem report being much happier. People who consider themselves to be smarter or more attractive do not necessarily exhibit these traits objectively. Violent criminals and bullies often have very high self-esteem.

What are the 4 types of personality?

A large new study published in Nature Human Behavior, however, provides evidence for the existence of at least four personality types: average, reserved, self-centered and role model.

What can the Big 5 predict?

Personal outcomes predicted by personality include subjective well-being (predicted by extraversion and neuroticism), spirituality (predicted by conscientiousness, openness, and agreeableness), and health (predicted by conscientiousness, neuroticism, and agreeableness).

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What are the 4 personality theories?

There are four major theoretical approaches to the study of personality. Psychologists call them the psychoanalytic, trait, humanistic and social cognition approaches.

What do adoption studies teach us that twin studies Cannot?

Twin studies are much better at studying the effects of nature (genes). High concordance between MZ twins tells us more about genetic influences than high concordance between children and their biological parents. On the other hand, adoption studies are much better at studying the effects of nurture (upbringing).

Is personality inherited?

Personality traits are complex and research suggests that our traits are shaped by both inheritance and environmental factors. These two forces interact in a wide variety of ways to form our individual personalities.

What do twin studies show us about the heritability of personality?

Researchers use this method, and variations on it, to estimate the heritability of traits: The percentage of variance in a population due to genes. Modern twin studies also try to quantify the effect of a person’s shared environment (family) and unique environment (the individual events that shape a life) on a trait.

How much of a child’s personality is genetic?

Scientists estimate that 20 to 60 percent of temperament is determined by genetics. Temperament, however, does not have a clear pattern of inheritance and there are not specific genes that confer specific temperamental traits.

What are two environmental influences on personality?

One environmental influence on personality is culture. For instance, some cultures dictate that children should be reserved and speak only when spoken to. Another environmental influence is school. Since children spend the majority of their time in school, this can have a huge influence on their personality.

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What methods are most commonly used by humanistic psychologists?

In humanistic therapy, there are two widely practiced techniques: gestalt therapy (which focuses on thoughts and feelings here and now, instead of root causes) and client-centered therapy (which provides a supportive environment in which clients can reestablish their true identity).

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