Quick Answer: Why Is The Greeks’ Adoption Of The Phoenician Alphabet Considered A Cultural Innovation?

Why do scholars believe that the Mycenaeans developed a wide commercial network?

The territory occupied by the Greeks included many small islands as well as 8,500 miles of coastland. Mycenae. Why do scholars believe that the Mycenaeans developed a wide commercial network? The Greeks began to make weapons and farming tools out of iron.

Why is the period between 1100 BC and 750 BC called the Dark Age?

Greek Dark Age. The year 1100 B.C. or so marked the end of higher civilization in the Aegean for a long time. The succeeding period (1100-750 B.C.) is conventionally called the Dark Ages of Greece, and it is aptly named. This is due partly to the poverty of the Aegean and partly to conditions elsewhere.

How did the Athenians react to the laws enacted by their leader Draco?

How did the Athenians react to the laws enacted by their leader Draco? They gave full power to Solon, who canceled debts and freed those who had been enslaved for owing money under Draco. He created a council of 500 that proposed, debated, and voted on laws before enacting them.

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What was the mission of the Delian League *?

The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of

What was the most powerful Greek city state?

Sparta was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece. Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. This type of government is called an oligarchy. The Spartans spoke Greek.

What did the Greeks call a meeting place located at the top of a hill?

Every city state typically had a meeting place on a hill called an Acropolis, and an agora which could serve as a market or a meeting place.

Who invaded Greece during the Dark Age?

The Archaic period of Greek history lasted from the 8 th century BCE to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BCE. The period began with a massive increase in the Greek population and a structural revolution that established the Greek city-states, or polis.

Why didn’t the original Greek monarchies survive?

Why did people move throughout Greece and away from the mainland after the dark age? To many other wealthy families wanted control. Why didn’t the original monarchies survive? Tyrants promised to make life better for the poor and allowed the people have say in the decisions.

What caused Greece’s dark ages?

Many explanations attribute the fall of the Mycenaean civilization and the Bronze Age collapse to climatic or environmental catastrophe, combined with an invasion by Dorians or by the Sea Peoples, but no single explanation fits the available archaeological evidence.

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What laws did Draco create?

Draconian laws, traditional Athenian law code allegedly introduced by Draco c. 621 bce. Aristotle, the chief source for knowledge of Draco, claims that his were the first written Athenian laws and that Draco established a constitution enfranchising hoplites, the lower class soldiers.

Why did Draco change the old constitution?

The Draconian constitution, or Draco’s code, was a written law code created by Draco near the end of the 7th century BC in response to the unjust interpretation and modification of oral law by Athenian aristocrats. This enactment of a rule of law was an early manifestation of Athenian democracy.

Why is Draco significant?

Draco, also spelled Dracon, (flourished 7th century bc), Athenian lawgiver whose harsh legal code punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death —hence the continued use of the word draconian to describe repressive legal measures.

Who led the Delian League?

The Delian League was founded in 478 BCE following the Persian War to be a military alliance against any enemies that might threaten Ionian Greeks. It was led most notably by Athens, who protected all members unable to protect themselves with its massive and powerful navy.

What were four factors that unified the Greek city-states?

The four factors that united the Greek city states were:

  • Shared religious beliefs.
  • Language.
  • Government.
  • literature.

Did Athens fight Sparta?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.

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